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What are Eaves on a House?

What are the eaves on a house?

Even if you’ve admired your home’s exterior and kept a close eye on it for years, you still may have overlooked one subtle yet critical component – the eaves. As a homeowner, understanding eaves can help you better appreciate and maintain the outer beauty of your house.

Though understated, eaves can perform essential protective functions that support structural integrity and visual flair. This post will explore their purpose, materials used, and recommended upkeep. For new homeowners and seasoned ones alike, you’re sure to discover helpful perspectives on this important piece of your home.

The Basics and Purpose of Eaves

When it comes to architecture, the word “eaves” refers to the edges of a roof that overhang past the walls of a house. Eaves may seem like minor architectural features, but they serve two critical purposes.

Protecting from Weather Damage

Fundamentally, eaves create a barrier that prevents rainwater from running directly down walls. The overhang shade shields walls, windows, and doors from moisture infiltration. Eaves also channel rain into gutters, diverting it away from the foundation. This drainage prevents leaks, rot, and water from seeping into basements or crawlspaces.

In addition, eaves provide shade that limits sun exposure on walls and windows. This decreases expansion and contraction which causes cracks for moisture to enter. Eaves also stop snow, leaves, and debris from accumulating close to exterior walls.

Eaves Preventing Rain and Snow From Running Down Exterior Walls to the Foundation

Visual of Eaves Preventing Rain and Snow From Running Down Exterior Walls to the Foundation

Enhancing Curb Appeal

Beyond function, eaves contribute to the visual flair of a house. They help define architectural styles and make rooflines more prominent. The eaves create aesthetic interest with lines, shadows, and dimension.

Eave styles evolved with design trends. Early American homes had simple open eaves while ornate Victorian brackets added flair. Craftsman bungalows used deep overhangs for drama. Eaves continue to complement modern architecture, drawing the eye up and making interiors appear more spacious. Careful eave placement can also naturally filter the bright sun.

In summary, eaves may seem subtle but serve vital protective and aesthetic roles. They shelter homes from the weather and enhance curb appeal with style. Keeping eaves in good repair ensures they continue providing both form and function.

Types of Eaves and Common Materials

Eaves come in several styles, each with their unique benefits. Open eaves are the most common. With exposed rafters, they have an open look underneath. Box eaves, or closed eaves, are fully enclosed with soffits, offering more weather protection. Flared eaves are wider at the bottom to extend shade and drainage. Depending on your preferences, decorative bracketed eaves add visual interest and support.

What Eaves are Made Of?

Eaves are constructed from various materials, each with advantages or drawbacks based on your needs.

  • Wood – The classic choice, easily painted or stained to match any home exterior.
  • Aluminum – A lightweight, low-maintenance option resistant to weathering.
  • Vinyl – Budget-friendly and simple to install but prone to wear over time.
  • Composites – Durable blended materials resistant to cracking and decay.
  • Copper – Higher cost but develops a striking green patina over the years.

Evaluating Factors

The optimal eave type and material depend on climate, budget, desired aesthetics, and functionality. Proper installation is key to ensure eaves meet the home’s drainage, protection, and design needs. Identifying your existing eaves provides helpful insights for maintenance or future replacement projects.

Examples eaves on a house made with three of the most common materials

Recommended Maintenance for All Eaves

Your eave maintenance should integrate into your overall home exterior care routine. Staying on top of seasonal upkeep preserves aesthetics and avoids costly water intrusion or foundation and roof damage down the road.

Make it a habit to regularly inspect the eaves and soffits for any visible wear like peeling paint, holes, cracks, or leaks. Also, check for obstructions such as bird nests or debris blocking proper drainage. Use a hose to test for hidden leaks.

Keep the eaves clear of leaves, dirt, and other debris using a soft brush to avoid abrasion. Trim back trees or bushes with overgrown branches interfering with the eaves. Check and clean out any clogged gutters or downspouts connected to the eaves.

Address any damaged sections, holes, or gaps right away using matching materials for repairs. For painted eaves, prep and repaint at the first sign of peeling. Ensure exposed rafters and soffits are properly sealed and protected with paint.

When to Call a Professional

While regular eave maintenance is often a DIY project, there are times when it’s best to call in a professional. Seeking expert help ensures issues are properly diagnosed and addressed, especially when they involve underlying structural concerns.

Signs it’s time to contact a roofing contractor include extensive rot or decay, major sagging, severe damage from weather events, and rampant leakage. Professionals have the skills and equipment to inspect and repair eaves and connected systems like soffits, gutters, and roofing. They can spot any hidden decay and deterioration while safely accessing steep or high roof pitches.

For less severe eave repairs like sealing small gaps or repainting contained sections, handy homeowners can likely tackle these solo. Yet it’s still smart to consult professionals after storms or if you notice expanding damage. They can assess if there’s a larger underlying issue needing comprehensive work.

Final Thoughts

While they are easily overlooked, your home’s eaves play an integral role in protecting your house from weather damage and enhancing curb appeal. Now that you understand what eaves are, their varied styles and materials, maintenance needs, and when to call reinforcements, you can better care for this vital component of your home’s exterior.

Your home is one of your most important investments. Protecting it starts from the top down – with proactive care of your eaves. If you’d like an expert’s eye on your house’s eaves, the whole roof, or a comprehensive home inspection, reach out to Ace Preferred Inspections in Charleston, SC, and surrounding areas.